Neural Information Processing

Author: Sabri Arik
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319265350
Size: 23.51 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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English Chinese Training tokens 326 M 346 M Vocabulary size 136 K 205 K age
number of the translations for a English word is more than 4. Train set Dev set
Test set Entries 64692 2062 10576 Words 14413 500 2500 Avg 4.48 4.12 4.23
consider the words occurred at least 10 times, and set a context windows of 3
words to either side of the center. Other hyper-parameters ... Chinese words. We
filter this dictionary with the vocabulary of monolingual corpora for English and
Chinese.

To Define And Inform

Author: Saihong Li Rasmussen
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443822507
Size: 60.45 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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As we can also see from the Figure, there are 31 percent of 'not sure' evaluations
for the Danish-Chinese dictionaries, but 20 percent of 'not sure' evaluations for
the English-Chinese dictionaries. ... However, paraphrase or descriptive '
equivalents', with more 'pragmatic' information concerning the background or the
origin of the word, is strongly recommended, especially for words with no direct
equivalent in the target language (see more in the discussion of translation '
equivalents' in ...

Learning Foreign Languages In Primary School

Author: Dr. María del Pilar García Mayo
Publisher: Multilingual Matters
ISBN: 1783098120
Size: 19.25 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In order to check the reliability of the test takers' 'Yes' responses to the real words
(Meara, 1992), a total of 20 pseudo words that sound or look like English words
were also added to the test. ... A paradigmatic associate is a synonym, antonym,
hypernym or hyponym for the test word; a syntagmatic relation rests on its
strength of association (i.e. collocational features), that is, two words normally
occur together; and an analytical associate involves the test word's dictionary
definition.

The Hsk Guide To Vocabulary Chinese Characters And Grammar Points For All The Six Levels Of The Chinese Language Proficiency Exam

Author: Muhammad Wolfgang Schmidt
Publisher: disserta Verlag
ISBN: 3959352247
Size: 70.92 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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hàn yǔ shuǐ píng kǎo shì ≹䈝≤ ᒣ 㘳䈅䈝≤ ᒣ Chinese Language Proficiency
Exam (HSK) Hàn Yǔ Shuǐ Píng Kǎo Shì ≹㘳䈅 Optional Interactive
MultimediaApplication for Optional Interactive MultimediaApplication for Optional
Interactive MultimediaApplication for ... Pronunciation hints in Hanyu Pinyin
transcription and English meaning definitions shown in the world lists when
hovering with the mouse over an unknown word or character in the vocabulary
training component section.

Statistical Learning And Language Acquisition

Author: Patrick Rebuschat
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 1934078247
Size: 16.54 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Prosodies are often positive or negative; that is, the target word is frequently used
with either positive or else negative surrounding words. For example, the word ''
cause'' may seem to have the simple meaning ''to bring about'', but because the
word is largely used in contexts in which a negative event has been brought
about (a tendency that the Oxford English Dictionary does not mention) the word
has a negative semantic prosody. Chinese participants learning English were ...

Pedagogical Lexicography Today

Author: Fredric Thomas Dolezal
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110947013
Size: 18.95 MB
Format: PDF
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Li states the “great need” for a learners' dictionary of Chinese, illustrating the
usefulness of appropriate example sentences to discriminate sub-senses and the
use of contrasting word pairs that cause problems for the learners. He criticizes
existing Chinese-English dictionaries for merely listing glosses in an unhelpful
way, and calls for the addition of understandable grammar codes to the entries.
Lindstrom, Naomi (1980): Making the bilingual dictionary safer for students.
Hispania ...

Tuttle Chinese English Dictionary

Author: Li Dong
Publisher: Tuttle Publishing
ISBN: 1462910793
Size: 51.62 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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3 (used to emphasize the words following it)那家饭店的菜是不错。Nà jiā fàndiàn
de càishì ... In China it is not appropriate to give an old person a clock as a gift
because “give a clock” (sòng zhōng) is pronounced the same as “pay last tribute”
(sòng zhōng).适合 shìhé [comp:适 suit + 合 be ... collectibles, etc.) ൴ҧᇗݛ଄օ߅௦
shōucáng Zhōngguó Míngdài huāpíng collect Chinese Ming vases 收成
shōucheng n harvest (of crops)收复 shōufù v recover (lost territory)收购 shōugòu [
comp:收 collect ...

Scripts And Literacy

Author: I. Taylor
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401111626
Size: 41.60 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Six children (three boys and three girls) were randomly chosen from each
classroom for an individually administered test of word decoding. Textbook
Analyses, Test Construction and Administration The construction of culturally fair
and appropriate tests is a common problem in comparative research.
Translations, even if done assiduously, ... The definition of a “word” is
straightforward in English, but more difficult in Chinese and Japanese. In
Chinese, one character could be a word if it ...

Harsh Words

Author: Monica Hill
Publisher: Hong Kong University Press
ISBN: 9789622097179
Size: 41.68 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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English Words for Chinese Learners Monica Hill. Types Of Tests We need to
think carefully about the tests themselves, or how we measure whether a person
knows the word by: knowing its written form having a rough idea of its meaning
knowing its dictionary definition or being confident of its usage. Many forms of ... It
is useful, however, to have a better understanding of how tests are created and
what makes one type of test more useful or appropriate than another. When
teachers ...

A Frequency Dictionary Of Mandarin Chinese

Author: Richard Xiao
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134049889
Size: 43.46 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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10 Introd uction Atypical entry looks like the followingï Frequency rank Headword
in Simplified Chinese [Headword in Traditional Chinese] {Pinyini (Optional HSK
Level) Part of speech English gloss Illustrative example in Simplified Chinese
and English translation of the example Normalised frequency | Dispersion index |
Usage rate | Optional register code Here we show a concrete example of an entry
: 026s QSE [xiìíä] лапши (1) adv afterwards, then iaeauëztf-aeeiïi ~ awardees? ß
 ...